**Answer
1** :

The relation R from A to A is given as:

R = {(x, y): 3x – y = 0, where x, y ∈ A}

= {(x, y): 3x = y, where x, y ∈ A}

So,

R = {(1, 3), (2, 6), (3, 9), (4, 12)}

Now,

The domain of R is the set of all first elements of the ordered pairs in the relation.

Hence, Domain of R = {1, 2, 3, 4}

The whole set A is the codomain of the relation R.

Hence, Codomain of R = A = {1, 2, 3, …, 14}

The range of R is the set of all second elements of the ordered pairs in the relation.

Hence, Range of R = {3, 6, 9, 12}

**Answer
2** :

The relation R is given by:

R = {(x, y): y = x + 5, x is a natural number less than 4, x, y ∈ N}

The natural numbers less than 4 are 1, 2, and 3.

So,

R = {(1, 6), (2, 7), (3, 8)}

Now,

The domain of R is the set of all first elements of the ordered pairs in the relation.

Hence, Domain of R = {1, 2, 3}

The range of R is the set of all second elements of the ordered pairs in the relation.

Hence, Range of R = {6, 7, 8}

**Answer
3** :

Given,

A = {1, 2, 3, 5} and B = {4, 6, 9}

The relation from A to B is given as:

R = {(x, y): the difference between x and y is odd; x ∈ A, y ∈ B}

Thus,

R = {(1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 9), (3, 4), (3, 6), (5, 4), (5, 6)}

The figure shows a relationship between the sets P and Q. write this relation

(i) in set-builder form (ii) in roster form.

What is its domain and range?

**Answer
4** :

From the given figure, it’s seen that

P = {5, 6, 7}, Q = {3, 4, 5}

The relation between P and Q:

Set-builder form

(i) R = {(x, y): y = x – 2; x ∈ P} or R = {(x, y): y = x – 2 for x = 5, 6, 7}

Roster form

(ii) R = {(5, 3), (6, 4), (7, 5)}

Domain of R = {5, 6, 7}

Range of R = {3, 4, 5}

Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6}. Let R be the relation on A defined by

{(a, b): a, b ∈ A, b is exactly divisible by a}.

(i) Write R in roster form

(ii) Find the domain of R

(iii) Find the range of R

**Answer
5** :

Given,

A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6} and relation R = {(a, b): a, b ∈ A, b is exactly divisible by a}

Hence,

(i) R = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 2), (2, 4), (2, 6), (3, 3), (3, 6), (4, 4), (6, 6)}

(ii) Domain of R = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6}

(iii) Range of R = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6}

**Answer
6** :

Given,

Relation R = {(x, x + 5): x ∈ {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5}}

Thus,

R = {(0, 5), (1, 6), (2, 7), (3, 8), (4, 9), (5, 10)}

So,

Domain of R = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5} and,

Range of R = {5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}

**Answer
7** :

Given,

Relation R = {(x, x^{3}): x is a prime number less than 10}

The prime numbers less than 10 are 2, 3, 5, and 7.

Therefore,

R = {(2, 8), (3, 27), (5, 125), (7, 343)}

**Answer
8** :

Given, A = {x, y, z} and B = {1, 2}.

Now,

A × B = {(x, 1), (x, 2), (y, 1), (y, 2), (z, 1), (z, 2)}

As n(A × B) = 6, the number of subsets of A × B will be 2^{6}.

Thus, the number of relations from A to B is 2^{6}.

**Answer
9** :

Given,

Relation R = {(a, b): a, b ∈ Z, a – b is an integer}

We know that the difference between any two integers is always an integer.

Therefore,

Domain of R = Z and Range of R = Z

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