and you can have both torque and horsepower applied to a wheel and still not get it moving. Which is a concept in physics that can take a bit to wrap your brain around.Horsepower is a function of torque, 550 ft pounds a second is 1 horsepower
Torque is rotational force.
I can apply torque to a wheel or to a bolt and the wheel remains stationary because I haven’t applied enough torque yet.
similar to when you try to push a car forward. You apply force. But the car is heavy and your force doesn’t make it move.
once the torque force is high enough movement happens and the wheel will rotate.
a wheel in the air or on ice has zero traction and doesn’t require much torque to make it rotate.
a wheel on the ground with traction requires a lot of torque because if it rotates it must move the entire weight of the jeep forward.